Cerebral palsy is a term used to describe a set of neurological conditions that affect movement. It is the most common form of childhood disability. The condition makes it hard to move certain parts of the body. There are many degrees of severity, because of damage to certain parts of the brain, voluntary or involuntary movements or both can be affected. Cerebral palsy is not contagious, it does not necessarily affect intelligence or cognitive ability, and it is not progressive, so it does not get worse with age. Some people find that symptoms improve over time. People with cerebral palsy tend to have a normal lifespan, and in many cases, a good quality of life can be expected.
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and symptoms include:
- Late achievement of developmental milestones such as crawling, walking, or speaking
- Hearing and eyesight problems
- Problems controlling bladder and bowel movements
- Drooling and problems with feeding, sucking, and swallowing
- Being easily startled
What is the role of Physiotherapy?
The basic role of a physiotherapist is to achieve goal set for the rehabilitation purpose according to the below feature which has hamper the condition of the person have cerebral palsy:
- Overdeveloped or underdeveloped muscles, leading to stiff or floppy movements.
- Poor coordination and balance, known as ataxia.
- Involuntary, slow writhing movements, or athetosis.
- Stiff muscles that contract abnormally, known as spastic paralysis.
- Crawling in an unusual way.
- Lying down in awkward positions.
- Favouring one side of the body over the other.
- A limited range of movement.